This book on fundamentals of vegetable production includes the on prospects and scope of vegetable farming, constraints in vegetable production, importance of vegetables in human nutrition, classification of vegetables, types of vegetable gardening, climatic impact on vegetable production, seed treatment, nursery management, sowing and transplanting, manures, fertilizers, biofertilizers, water management, mulching and weed management in vegetable crops since the information on the previously mentioned aspects is scattered at diverse sources. This book is self-contained document aimed at imparting elementary knowledge to the undergraduate and postgraduate students, Horticulture Development Officers of the State Horticulture Department and others who have interest in gaining basic knowledge in the field of vegetable crop production. Adoption of scientific knowledge will definitely be rewarding to the vegetable growers and the nation, which ultimately achieves the goal of obtaining higher production. This book is aimed at providing systematic information on all modern principles of vegetable production at a single source. The book contains latest information on fundamentals of vegetable production. The book has been written in a very simple language, which is easy to understand. It is believed that this book will find wide acceptability and undoubtedly assist the students in developing knowledge, skills and expertise regarding principle aspects of vegetable production.