Animal production refers to the process of raising animals for profit. This includes housing, feeding, marketing and breeding. Proper nutrition provides the animals with the necessary energy to develop and breed, as well as the immunity to combat infections. Animal nutrition is essential for livestock production, as feeding has a direct effect on the production capacity, growth rate and overall health of animals. The reproductive capability of male animals is also dependent on nutrition. Animal health plays a crucial role in sustainable livestock farming because it balances the three essential components which include social acceptability, environmental responsibility and economic feasibility. Animal feed safety has an impact on animal productivity, health and welfare, which in turn affects the livelihood of farmers and safety of human food. This book provides significant information to help develop a good understanding of animal welfare, feeding and sustainability. It presents researches and studies performed on animal production by experts across the globe. The extensive content of this book provides the readers with a thorough understanding of the subject.